There are two modern laboratories with about 2,000 ft2 of space that will provide the necessary infrastructure for Dr. Xu’s research group. These laboratories are housed in the recently built Center for Engineering Education and Research (CEER) building and located in CEER 308 and 311. Dr. Xu’s group at Villanova University is equipped with: a) an anaerobic glove box (Coy Laboratory Products Inc.) for the proposed research; b) a CM tube furnace (model 1600) with a temperature controller is available for char production; c) a two-probe conductivity cell designed by PI Xu for conductivity measurements of produced chars. Other laboratory features include fume hoods, ovens, a muffle furnace, pH and dissolved oxygen meters, bench-scale processes reactors, ozone generator, soxhlet extraction apparatus, a temperature-controlled water bath, and a centrifuge.


Her group is also equipped with analytical instruments including one Hewlett Packard 6890 Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectrophotometer detector (GC/MS) with electron ionization and chemical ionization capabilities; a Shimadzu Ion Chromatography (IC) with conductivity detector; a Shimadzu High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with PDA detector; and one Pectronic Genesys 5 variable wavelength scanning UV/Vis spectrophotometer. All of the analytical instruments are equipped with auto-injectors and instrument control/data accusation software, and are managed by a full-time analytical technician. 


Dr. Xu has full access to a SCIEX 2000 LC/MS in the chemistry department for product identification, a Hitachi S-4800 Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with an Oxford energy dispersive spectroscopy system (EDS) System, a Hitachi H-7600 transmission electron microscope (TEM) to characterize the topography, structure, and chemical composition of samples, and a Autosorb-3B (Quantachrome Instruments) all located in the college of engineering at Villanova. Details can be found in the facilities poster below.